Microphthalmia (Greek: μικρός mikros = small; ὀφθαλμός ophthalmos = eye), also referred as microphthalmos, is a developmental disorder of the eye in which one (unilateral microphthalmia) or both (bilateral microphthalmia) eyes are abnormally small and have anatomic malformations. It is different from nanophthalmos in which the eye is small in size but has no anatomical alterations. [Source: Wikipedia ]

May Cause
Eyeball deformity
Malformed orbit
Small optic canal
Small orbit
May Be Caused by
Acro-cranio-facial dysostosis
Acrocallosal-like syndrome
Adams-Oliver syndrome
Amniotic band syndrome
Anophthalmia/microphthalmia - esophageal atresia
Arrhinia - choanal atresia - microphthalmia
Asplenia syndrome
Balci syndrome
Bardet-Biedl syndrome
Branchiooculofacial syndrome
Cat-eye syndrome
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome
Cerebro-oculo-nasal syndrome
CHARGE syndrome
Chromosome 14 disorder
Chromosome 7 disorder
Cohen syndrome
Colobomatous microphthalmia
Conotruncal-microphthalmia syndrome
Cross syndrome
Delleman syndrome
Familial microphthalmos
Fanconi anemia
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal herpes simplex infection
Fetal isotretinoin syndrome
Fetal rubella infection
Fetal toxoplasmosis infection
Fetal varicella infection
Fraser syndrome
Frontonasal dysplasia
Goltz syndrome
GOMBO syndrome
Hallermann-Streiff syndrome
Hydrolethalus syndrome
Incontinentia pigmenti
Infant of diabetic mother
Intellectual deficit - athetosis - microphthalmia
Isolated anophthalmia - microphthalmia
Kenny-Caffey syndrome
Lenz microphthalmia syndrome
Macrosomia - microphthalmia - cleft palate
Maternal medication abuse
Matthew-Wood syndrome
MCA syndrome
Meckel syndrome
Michelin tire baby-like syndrome
MICRO syndrome
Microcephaly - microphthalmia - cataract - intracranial calcification
Microphthalmia - ankyloblepharon - intellectual deficit
Microphthalmia - brain atrophy
Microphthalmia - cataract
Microphthalmia - linear skin defects syndrome
Microphthalmia - microtia - fetal akinesia
Microphthalmia - retinitis pigmentosa - foveoschisis - optic disc drusen
Microphthalmia-cyst-medulloblastoma syndrome
Microphthalmos-hypothalamic disorder
MIDAS syndrome
Mowat-Wilson syndrome
Nance-Horan syndrome
Neu-Laxova syndrome
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum
Oculo-dento-osseous dysplasia
Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome
Oculo-palato-cerebral syndrome
Oculofaciocardiodental syndrome
Ophthalmo-acromelic syndrome
Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome
Pallister-Hall syndrome
PHACE association
Proteus syndrome
Pulmonary agenesis-diaphragmatic hernia-microphthalmia syndrome
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis
Roberts syndrome
Sakoda complex
Scapuloiliac dysostosis
Scimitar syndrome
Shah-Waardenburg syndrome
Sharony dysplasia
Tachycardia - hypertension - microphthalmos - hyperglycinuria
Thalidomide embryopathy
Treacher Collins syndrome
Trisomy 13
VATER association
Waardenburg anophthalmia syndrome
WAGR syndrome
Walker-Warburg syndrome
Warfarin embryopathy