Congenital heart disease

A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly and congenital heart disease, is a defect in the structure of the heart or great vessels that is present at birth. Signs and symptoms depend on the specific type of defect. [Source: Wikipedia ]

May Cause
Bilateral hilar enlargement
Bilateral hyperinflated lungs
Chest malformation
Chronic Kerley lines
Delayed bone age
Generalized osteoporosis
Increased nuchal fold
Neonatal respiratory distress
Nephrogenic rests
Nuchal cystic hygroma
Pectus carinatum
Pectus excavatum
Renal vein thrombosis
Small thymus in an infant
Unilateral pulmonary edema
Wilms tumor
May Be Caused by
Addison disease
Adrenal insufficiency
Adrenogenital syndrome
Asplenia syndrome
Chondrodysplasia punctata rhizomelic type
Chronic granulomatous disease of childhood
Congenital rubella syndrome
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Friedreich ataxia
Gaucher disease
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Holt-Oram syndrome
Hunter syndrome
Hurler syndrome
Infant of diabetic mother
Infantile hypothyroidism
Kartagener syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome
Marfan syndrome
Morquio syndrome
Mucolipidosis type 2
Mucolipidosis type 3
Mucopolysaccharidosis type 1-S
Mucopolysaccharidosis type 6
Myotonic dystrophy
Niemann-Pick disease
Noonan syndrome
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Polysplenia syndrome
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
Scimitar syndrome
Trisomy 21
Tuberous sclerosis
Turner syndrome
Williams syndrome
Aase syndrome
Absent pulmonary valve syndrome
Acro-cardio-facial syndrome
Aminopterin fetopathy
Antley-Bixler syndrome
Apert syndrome
Balci syndrome
Bardet-Biedl syndrome
Beemer lethal malformation syndrome
Brachmann-de Lange syndrome
Brain malformation - congenital heart disease - postaxial polydactyly
Campomelic dysplasia
Cantrell syndrome
Carcinoid syndrome
Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome
Cardioauditory syndrome
Cardiofacial syndrome
Cardiomelic syndrome
Cardioskeletal syndrome Kuwaiti type
Cardiovocal syndrome
CATCH 22 syndrome
Catel-Manzke syndrome
CHAR syndrome
CHARGE syndrome
CHIME syndrome
Chromosome 18:del(18q) syndrome
Chromosome 4p- syndrome
Chromosome 5:del(5p) syndrome
Conotruncal anomaly face syndrome
Conotruncal-microphthalmia syndrome
Craniocerebellocardiac syndrome
Currarino-Silverman syndrome
Cutis laxa
Degos syndrome
Diastrophic dysplasia
DiGeorge syndrome
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Dyssegmental dysplasia
Eastman-Bixler syndrome
Eisenmenger syndrome
Endomyocardial fibrosis
Fabry disease
Familial atrial septal defect with prolonged atrioventricular conduction
Familial atrioventricular septal defect
Familial brachydactyly type E and atrial septal defect
Familial conotruncal malformation
Familial Ebstein anomaly
Familial hypertelorism
Familial sex-linked congenital valvular dysplasia
Familial short stature, small hands, and valvular heart disease
Familial subaortic membranous stenosis
Fanconi anemia
Feingold syndrome
Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Fetal rubella syndrome
Forney syndrome
Fryns syndrome
Gardner-Silengo-Wachtel syndrome
Glycogen storage disease type 2
Glycogen storage disease type 3
GM1 gangliosidosis
Goltz syndrome
Gorlin syndrome
Hallermann-Streiff syndrome
Heart-hand syndrome
Hypertrichotic osteochondrodysplasia
Jacobsen syndrome
Jones-Waldman syndrome
Kawasaki syndrome
Kearns-Sayre syndrome
Kousseff syndrome
Kugelberg-Welander syndrome
LEOPARD syndrome
Lutembacher syndrome
Mesomelic dysplasia
Mesomelic dysplasia Werner type
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum
Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome
Ohdo syndrome
Opitz BBBG syndrome
Örstavik-Lindemann-Solberg syndrome
Pancreatic hypoplasia - diabetes - congenital heart disease
Pfeiffer cardiocranial syndrome
PHACE association
Primary hypertrophic osteoathropathy
Prune-belly syndrome
Pulmonary valve dysplasia syndrome
Recombinant 8 syndrome
Refsum disease
Robinow syndrome
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome
Sanchez-Cascos syndrome
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome
Seckel syndrome
Sex-linked valvular dysplasia
Shone complex
Shone-Edwards complex
Shoulder and thorax deformity - congenital heart disease
Situs inversus
Skeletal dysplasia
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome
Sonoda syndrome
Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity
Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Sedaghatian type
Steinfeld syndrome
Sternal malformation
Sternal-cardiac malformation association
Stratton-Parker syndrome
Sturge-Weber syndrome
Subaortic stenosis short stature syndrome
TAR syndrome
Thoracoabdominal wall defect syndrome
Treacher Collins syndrome
Trichorhinophalangeal dysplasia type 1
Tricuspid atresia and annular hypoplasia
Trisomy 13
Trisomy 18
Uhl anomaly
VACTERL association
VATER association
Velocardiofacial syndrome
Web neck anomaly
Weill-Marchesani syndrome
Werner syndrome
XXXXX syndrome
XXXY syndrome
XXXYY syndrome
XXYY syndrome
Young-Simpson syndrome
Yunis-Varon syndrome
Zellweger syndrome